In the frame of Local Activities I, each project organisation had to analyse the situation of young migrants and urban art in its country. Here you have a summary of the text written by KBL Foundation concerning the situation of the United States of America.
United States is by far considered a hosting migrant country. More than 1 million immigrants migrate to the United States every year. Prior to 2009 Latin American had a higher population of immigrants migrating to the United States, however now are more Asian immigrants arriving to the country. According to the Pew Research Center, California had the largest immigrant population in 2018, which consisted of 10.6 million immigrants, while Texas, Florida and New York also had more than 4 million immigrants each state. There are currently more than 23 million female immigrants in the United States, which outnumbers the male population of immigrants in the United States. Over half of the female immigrants have become naturalized citizens and nearly one third aged 25 or holder achieved an education comparable to Bachelor’s degree and higher. Approximately half of immigrants in the United States in 2018 were proficient in the English language. Spanish was the most spoken language of the immigration population.
Some of the main reasons why people immigrate to the United States are for job reasons and to escape persecution from their own countries. Indeed, about three million refugee immigrants have resettled in the United States since 1980, which was the start of the Federal Refugee Resettlement Program. For the year 2019 alone, over 30,000 immigrants migrated to the United States, with the largest group of immigrants coming from Democratic Republic of Congo, followed by Burma, Ukraine, Eritrea, Syria, Iraq, Sudan, El Salvador, Colombia and Afghanistan. Many young migrants came to the United States for different reasons, ranging from obtaining a higher education, finding word and/or getting married. Other reasons are escaping poverty, violence, conflict and environmental change. Youth migrant population in the United States is higher from developing countries than non-developing countries. There are many obstacles and challenges the youth migrating to the United States face, especially the female, which includes discrimination based on gender, migration status, ethnicity or religion, poor working conditions, health access, and lack of social protection.
The United States population holds a wide range of views about immigrants and immigration is clearly the forefront of political debate. About two thirds of the American population believes that overall immigration strengthens the country, based on their opinions that immigrants are hardworking and talented individuals, providing the United States with a broader population of talent and skills that they believe the country can benefit from. On the other hand, the remaining one third of the United States population believes that immigration is an overall burden, as they feel the immigrants are taking over the jobs, housing market and healthcare, leaving United States citizens without access to these, and/or having limited access.
Many people in the United States believe that hip hop is all about music. However, it is really a culture involving four major elements: graffiti, DJing, MCing and B‑Boy (Breaking). On August 11, 1973, DJ Kool Herc hosted one of the most influential hip hop parties that became the foundation of hip hop. Its location, 1520 Sedgwick Avenue, in the Bronx, is now considered the birthplace of hip hop.